Sunday, May 24, 2020

English Teaching Abbreviations Explained

You might be a bit confused by all the English teaching abbreviations that are used in the profession. Here is a list of the most common English teaching abbreviations that are used in the profession with an emphasis on ESL/EFL teaching. ELT: English Language TeachingESL: English as a Second LanguageEFL: English as a Foreign Language The main difference between these is that ESL is English taught to foreign-language speakers living in an English speaking country like the U.S., Canada, England, Australia, etc. English as a foreign language, on the other hand, is taught to those wishing to learn English for their study, work, or hobby needs, but who live in countries where English is not the primary language. Teaching Abbreviations to Know Here are some more important abbreviations related to teaching, teaching certificates, and English exams: A-C AAAL: American Association for Applied LinguisticsACTFL: American Council on the Teaching of Foreign LanguagesAE: American EnglishBAAL: British Association of Applied LinguisticsBC: British CouncilBEC: Business English Certificate, the Cambridge business English exam certificateBrE: British EnglishBVT: Bilingual Vocational TrainingCAE: Certificate in Advanced English, the fourth Cambridge Exam, the standard in English examination throughout the world outside of the U.S., where the TOEFL is preferredCALI: Computer-Assisted Language InstructionCALL: Computer-Assisted Language LearningCanE: Canadian EnglishCAT: Computer Adaptive TestingCBT: Computer-Based TeachingCEELT: Cambridge Examination in English for Language Teachers, which tests the English competency of non-native English teachersCEIBT: Certificate in English for International Business and Trade for advanced levelsCPE: Certificate of Proficiency in English, the fifth and most advanced of Cambridges series of exams, roughly comp arable to a score of 600 to 650 on the TOEFLCELTA: Certificate in English language teaching to adults, the Cambridge/RSA Teaching Certificate also known as C-TEFLA D-G DELTA: Diploma in English language teaching in the Cambridge/RSA Language Teaching SchemeEAP: English for Academic PurposesECCE: Exam for the Certificate of Competency in English at low levels at Michigan UniversityECPE: Exam for the Certificate of Proficiency in English at the higher level at Michigan UniversityEGP: English for general purposesEIP: English as an International LanguageELICOS: English Language Intensive Courses for Overseas Students, Australian government registered centers teaching English to overseas studentsESOL: English for Speakers of Other LanguagesESP: English for Specific Purposes (business, tourism, etc.)ETS: Educational Testing ServiceFCE: First Certificate in English, the third of Cambridges series of exams, which is comparable to a score of 500 on the TOEFL and 5.7 on the IELTSGMAT: Graduate Management Admission Test, which measures general verbal, mathematical, and analytical writing skillsGPA: Grade Point AverageGRE: Graduate Record Examination, an evalu ation test for graduate admission to colleges and universities in the U.S. I-N IATEFL: International Association of Teachers of English as a Foreign LanguageIPA: International Phonetic AssociationK12: Kindergarten through 12th gradeKET: Key English Test, the most elementary of Cambridges series of examsL1: Language 1 or native languageL2: Language 2 or the language you are learningLEP: Limited English ProficientLL: Language LearningMT: Mother TongueMTELP: Michigan Test of English Language ProficiencyNATECLA: National Association for Teaching English and other Community Languages to Adults (UK)NATESOL: National Association of Teachers of English for Speakers of Other LanguagesNCTE: National Council of Teachers of EnglishNLP: Neurolinguistic ProgrammingNNEST: Non-Native English Speaking TeacherNNL: Non-Native Language O-Y OE: Old EnglishOED: Oxford English DictionaryPET: Preliminary English Test, the second of Cambridges series of examsRP: Received Pronunciation, the standard British pronunciationRSA/Cambridge C-TEFLA: Certificate of Teaching English as a Foreign Language to Adults, a professional qualification for prospective EFL teachersRSA/Cambridge D-TEFLA: Diploma of Teaching English as a Foreign Language, the advanced qualification for EFL teachers who have already completed the C-TEFLASAE: Standard American EnglishSAT: Scholastic Assessment (Aptitude) Test, a pre-university entrance exam in the USATEFL: Teaching English as a Foreign LanguageTEFLA: Teaching English as a Foreign Language to AdultsTEIL: Teaching English as an International LanguageTESL: Teaching English as a Second LanguageTESOL: Teaching English to Speakers of Other LanguagesTOEFL: Test of English as a Foreign Language, the most common English proficiency exam for North American universities and colleges, also accepted by some Br itish universities and employers as proof of English proficiencyTOEIC: Test of English for International Communication, pronounced toe ickVE: Vocational EnglishVESL: Vocational English as a Second LanguageYLE: Young Learners English Tests, the Cambridge Examinations for young learners

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

Unethical Behavior Organizations Should Consider Christian...

In today’s business environment, consumers aware of unethical behavior affecting small and large-scale businesses. In most cases, organizations suffer damage reputation, shareholders options decline, revenue decline and employee moral suffers. In order to prevent unethical behavior organizations should consider Christian Principles when developing policies and procedures to prevent unethical behavior. The role of business in God’s creation is not only the institution that human beings operates in, it is an environment that people are task with carrying out specific duties and responsibilities according to specific laws and regulations. The paper will examine why business matters to God and concepts of Agnosticism, Annihilation, and Adoption. Business Matters to God According to Duzer (2012), In pursuit of God’s purpose, people need to understand the ethical limitations embedded naturally in design of the God’s creation. It is not enough too simply align our businesses purposes with God earthly design, without limitation we still fall short of Gods expectations. God’s creation purpose for business includes businesses that serve the community in a positive way that strides to serve all citizens according to God’s plan. For example, a business might be able to produce more goods and services that would enable the community to flourish. It might create more vocationally rich jobs for its employees by disregarding its duty to provide return to its shareholders (Duzer,

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Meeting the Needs of the Youth Free Essays

Youth in my books would be defined as Grade 8 – Grade 12. What makes this a challenging ministry, is the ever changing make-up of the youth. It seems that every 6 months or so you have an entirely â€Å"new youth group. We will write a custom essay sample on Meeting the Needs of the Youth or any similar topic only for you Order Now It is not â€Å"new’ in the normal sense as most of them have been In the youth ministry for a while, It Is that they have all changed and it seems like a â€Å"new† group. They speak of the generational theory, stating that each 20 years or so we have a different generation. I however see a new generation every 2 – 3 years. The culture we live In Is changing at a pace never before experienced. Simply looking at the advancement of technology over the last decade demonstrates for us the enormity of our current growth spurt. Although I fall in the same generation theory category as many of my youth, they are vastly different to me. A change has definitely taken place. I am not sure when It was that I moved out of the â€Å"cool† to â€Å"boring† category but It seems that it has happened. As all this change takes place one can only expect that the needs will also shift. What I wanted as a youth is most definitely not what the youth wants today. And it is herein that the difficulty lies, assessing the needs of the day. Meeting this Need Now that the greatest need has been identified, how are we to meet this need. Let me suggest the following methodology: 1. Clear concise exposition of the Word. There Is no other way to bring a person to the point of repentance. Paul while ministering to an Idol riddled generation, did not soften the truth. No In Acts 17 we see that Paul does not shrink in declaring the whole counsel of God. Paul even goes s far as telling the hostile audience that they need to repent. Too often today those ministering to youth do not want to teach on so called hard truths found In scripture. We are being told by the â€Å"experts† that teaching too much doctrine is not good. At a recent youth workshop we were told that teaching systematically through a book of the Bible â€Å"is Just wrong†. We were told that the youth wants fun filled stories and entertaining challenges and nothing that actually breaks down their self esteem. In saying this however, I do acknowledge that some systematic teaching can be done incorrectly, so as to bore or put anyone off. The clear concise exposition that is needed is one that requires much preparation. The preacher needs to know his audience and has to be diligent to bring the message to bear on that audience. Just as it is no use teaching speed reading to 4 year olds, it is no use teaching Supernaturalism to your youth group. It is my opinion that it takes much more work to teach the scriptures to youth and children than adults. More illustrations are needed, more explanation is needed and bridging the gap requires more work. But at he end of the day Is that not what preaching Is all about? 2. Diligent discipleship 1 OFF to convert the nations. The youth worker needs to work hard at discipline his youth. This takes the form of personal discipleship and the arranging of other discipleship relationships. It is not a dereliction of duties to ask some of the adults in the church to help with discipleship. One youth pastor cannot himself disciple the entire group. This is the primary reason I prefer not to have the main youth meeting on Sunday nights when the â€Å"adult† church meets next door. No, the young people need to get to now the church members and see how they live their Christian lives. This is not a new concept, but simply the Biblical example of having the older men and women training the younger members of the church. (Titus 2:1-8) Discipleship is hard work and time consuming, but also the most rewarding part of my ministry. What a Joy it is to see a young man growing in his walk with the Lord and seeing the same young man’s discernment consistently growing. Loving admonition It is often difficult to admonish one of the people we love and enjoy. We perceive that our admonishment will create barriers in our relationship. However â€Å"faithful are the wounds of a friend†. During my ministry I have seen that even though the initial reaction is not always what we would desire, the long term affects are rewarding. The youth sees that you are willing to admonish so that they can grow in Christ. You are not simply standing by and condoning (sometimes nonverbally) their obvious wrong behavior. This should always be done in love though. Admonishing must be done carefully and lovingly always addressing a pattern of sin and not one isolated incident. As a parent I feel the tension of loving and disciplining daily. None of us parents or youth workers delights in admonishing, but we are commanded by God to admonish. While admonishing I always keep the following two Proverbs in mind Proverbs 13:24 â€Å"He who spares the rod hates his son, But he who loves him disciplines him promptly’ and Proverbs 8:9 â€Å"Do not rebuke a scoffer, lest he hates you; Rebuke a wise man and he will love you. † 4. Purposeful ministry The adage is true, â€Å"if you aim at nothing you will be sure to hit it every time. † In order for the youth ministry to be successful it needs to have a defined purpose. A narrow repose, â€Å"having a large youth group† is not specific enough. Each youth ministry is going to have a different local purpose; I say local as the ultimate purpose should be to â€Å"bring them up in the training and admonition of the Lord†. Some local purposes will be to establish an initial vibrant youth ministry; others will be to effectively reach the local High School, or even to establish spiritual growth in a core group. Whatever your purpose, it needs to be defined and a plan of action developed. It is important to know how you plan to achieve your purpose. What steps are you going to take so as to assure (realizing it is God who builds His church) that your ministry meets the intended purpose? Conclusion While I agree that doing the same today as we did 10 years ago is not going to cut it, I argue that at the heart the ministry is the same. The youth of today has the same fundamental need as the youth 30 years ago – regeneration. If you are serious about meeting the needs of the youth this is where you must begin. Take the above begin to minister to the youth of today. Always keeping 1 Corinthians 10: 31 as your guide. How to cite Meeting the Needs of the Youth, Papers

Monday, May 4, 2020

Poetry carol ann duffy Essay Example For Students

Poetry carol ann duffy Essay In comparison to my second poem, To his Coy Mistress by Andrew Marvel, the main theme is the opposite of love, where a man is lusting for is coy mistress, and presents an argument for why she should let him have her, opposed to traditional values which were held in that era. It describes how one womans chastity Is so Important to her, that she wont give In to his seduction techniques. Queen Kong ;s set In New York and uses places of fraternally such as the Brooklyn Bridge, Bloodinesss and things associated with New York such as yellow taxi cabs. Duffy starts the poem off with l, in the first hand describing the gorillas time in New York in the first stanza. In comparison to His Coy Mistress, the first line of the poem Had we but world enough and time.. , starts off presenting a logical argument of what the man in the poem could offer. However, the first word Had, could be changed for If, as this seems more appropriate due to the fact that if his love is a true love, why must there be arguments or logical reasoning? The second stanza of Duffs poem moves away from the location of Manhattan, and focuses on how the female gorilla and the ;little man first met; at the island where the little an is directing a prize-winning film in which the gorilla stars. Scooped him up in my palm, And held his wriggling, shouting life till he calmed, shows a cliche referring to the common line holding him In the palm of my hand, where a woman Is described as controlling her man. Although, In this line It Is used In a different way to show her love for the little man, even though love is usually shown through hugs and kisses. As Queen King is thoroughly descriptive of her little man, describing IM as nervous, perfectly formed and gorgeous, His coy mistress Is egocentric, as the woman who the poem Is about Is deemed as Insignificant as there Is no description of her whatsoever. This highlights the main difference of love in both poems as the love described in Queen Kong seems sincere as the Gorilla has taken time to describe and talk about her little man, but In HIS Coy Mistress the readers have no Idea who the Mistress Is, The man describes his love for his mistress as immeasurable, one that started ten years before the flood, referring to the Old Testament when Noah took the animals on the boat in protection from the flood which then goes on to the conversion of the Jews which is also in the Old Testament, six thousand years later. He also makes It clear In the line An hundred years should to to praise, that she will be admired for hundreds of years to come but not loved. This poem is not a typical love poem, but rather one of lust. The man in the poem has a humorous and irony tone of voice when describing his exaggeration of love for his mistress. Similarly, humor is used to describe Queen Gongs love for her little man In the line he was small, but perfectly formed which Is comic as a man could not suffice a gorilla. She also describes him to a grape, giving readers the idea of how 1 OFF from a romantic perspective such as his camp each night at dusk, whereas His Coy Mistress uses famous times and places to describe his love such as Thou by the Indian Ganges side, and Deserts of vast eternity. Both poems set cliche romantic scenes but both have different themes and agendas. .u51f3397f035ef902e354a2a582a367df , .u51f3397f035ef902e354a2a582a367df .postImageUrl , .u51f3397f035ef902e354a2a582a367df .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u51f3397f035ef902e354a2a582a367df , .u51f3397f035ef902e354a2a582a367df:hover , .u51f3397f035ef902e354a2a582a367df:visited , .u51f3397f035ef902e354a2a582a367df:active { border:0!important; } .u51f3397f035ef902e354a2a582a367df .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u51f3397f035ef902e354a2a582a367df { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u51f3397f035ef902e354a2a582a367df:active , .u51f3397f035ef902e354a2a582a367df:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u51f3397f035ef902e354a2a582a367df .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u51f3397f035ef902e354a2a582a367df .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u51f3397f035ef902e354a2a582a367df .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u51f3397f035ef902e354a2a582a367df .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u51f3397f035ef902e354a2a582a367df:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u51f3397f035ef902e354a2a582a367df .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u51f3397f035ef902e354a2a582a367df .u51f3397f035ef902e354a2a582a367df-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u51f3397f035ef902e354a2a582a367df:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: GCSE English Literature EssayThe man in His Coy Mistress is tired of wasting time, that he does not have to spend as if a chariot is chasing him and his mistress at their back, and she will die a virgin otherwise. He makes this clear in then Worms shall try that long preserved virginity. The message behind this relates to the famous quote in Latin, Carper Diem. It translates seize the day and typically means that one should take action of the day as life is short. This relates to the poems historical content as it was written in 1650, and the average working class arson only lived till around 50. He then follows on to describe images of her death and grave, where her Honor turn to dust; and into ashes all my lust. This seems to be the main seduction technique of the man behind the poem, logically presenting the argument to his mistress as he clearly has stated that he does not have time to spend. He uses words which are typically used in debates or arguments such as therefore, but and had. He uses similes, and describes what he would like to do her by comparing her to an amorous bird of prey, where readers picture predators earring up their prey, which is what he wants to do his Mistress. He finally finishes the poem on a different note, using metaphysical ideas such as cosmic images to describe something earthly. This micro/macro is shown in the last two lines Thus though we cannot make our sun stand still, yet we will make him run. However, in comparison to Queen Kong, the gorilla describes acts of love performed by her such as He slept in my fur, To massage, Blow on him, and Scratch with care. She describes the love between her and her little man of twelve years describing unnatural things for a gorilla to do to a man, such as sexual/physical acts. She is possessive of him as she refers to him as my man, which is a role reversal as she is a gorilla and also a female. The poem ends in the little mans death, and after his death she wears him now about my neck, which is something humans do to animals, they are stuffed in order to preserve them, and she has now preserved her little man by stuffing him and wearing him around her neck. She now holds him against my massive, breathing lungs, he hears me roar, so he is kept close to her heart at all times.

Sunday, March 29, 2020

A Path to Forgiveness Student Loans Professor Ramos Blog

A Path to Forgiveness Student Loans When I was younger I met a guy that was about 4 years older then me, his name was Johnathan. We called him Jonny for short. Jonny worked with me at a â€Å"dead end† job, I eventually befriended him and learned his story. Here is his story. Jonny came from a middle-class family in Redlands. He attended Cal State San Bernardino, where he had to get many student loans in order to attend classes every semester and get his degree. He graduated with a bachelor’s in English and $55,000 in debt. Jonny was a very smart guy, but he just could not find a job that would pay him more then the $14.00 an hour he was making now. So eventually his 6-month grace period ended, and he had to start paying his student loans back, soon he started to fall behind on his other financial responsibilities because he had to pay his student loans. He had to move back in with his parents, almost lost his car and in the end his credit score was hit very hard. This was 3 years before I met Jonny. Now at this point Jonny has given up with trying to get a good job and has become as alcoholic due to financial stress which led to depression. Is there really what we want the bright minds of our society to fall into if they can’t afford to pay back student loans? If we forgive student loans, real life tragedies like Jonny would never happen. Student loans are a blessing for many people who would not be able to afford to go to college. They provide financial backing for these people to go to college without having to constantly stress on the thought â€Å"will I have enough money to register for classes next semester?† Student loans come in two forms subsidized and unsubsidized. The former does not accrue interest while the student is attending school. The later does accrue intertest while the student is in school. â€Å"The average student loan debt after graduation is $37,000.† (Gang 4) Imagine yourself just graduating college, what a joyous day! Now you start to think â€Å"I have a degree but roughly $37,000.00 in debt I have to pay back.† I know what you’re thinking $37,000.00 doesn’t sound so bad, but don’t forget the interest which is anywhere from 1-20% on the original amount borrowed. So back to imagining yourself after you graduated, wouldn’t it be nice to only ha ve to pay back some or even none of your student loan? Well, there is, and these programs are known as student loan forgiveness programs to help you with getting rid of your student loans. So, let me show you why we should forgive student loans. As a society we all benefit from people going to college and getting degrees, education helps us move society into the future. Most people do not want to be in debt and student loan debt â€Å"is now the second largest debt balance after mortgage indebtedness.† (McCarthy 1) Overtime people have come up with â€Å"forgiveness programs† for student loans. There are multiple types of programs available. Most of them do not completely pay off your student loans but can cut them down drastically. These programs are a huge incentive for people who want to go to college but must rely on student loans. Let’s talk about the effect of debt, and not just the obvious that you owe money that you sometimes can not pay. Debt has many psychological effects on people. The effects include but are not limited to â€Å"depression and high stress levels† (Chou) These psychological effects can majorly impact college graduates, especially newly grads. Imagine trying to find a job while being stressed out about being many thousands of dollars in debt. It will distract you from being able to completely focus. Now imagine that your going to become a teacher, public servant, doctor or joining the military. If you are going into one of these fields, you can get most of your student loan dismissed. Most of these programs do however require you to work for a minimum amount of time or a make a minimum amount of payments. President Trump has already made changes to student loans and their forgiveness programs. Most of these changes are very beneficially for students, Trump feels that the government should not profit from student loans but does not completely agree with student loan forgiveness. Previously if a portion or all your student loan was â€Å"forgiven† then it would be considered taxable income. For example, when you went to go do your taxes if you made $60,000 from your job and you had $40,000 in student loan forgiven your taxable income would be $100,000. This could leave people with tax debt, what is the point of losing your student loan debt, just to gain tax debt? In the passed bill H.R-1 it states â€Å"(Sec. 11031) This section temporarily modifies the exclusion of student loan discharges from gross income to exclude from gross income certain discharges on account of the death or total and permanent disability of the student.† (U.S. Congress) Before this bill was passed if a student was permanently disabled the student would still owe his student loan debt. If a student were to die, his family would inherit their debt. This bill has eliminated permanently disabled or dead students owing their student loans. Another program that Trump improved to help with student loans is the Public Service Loan Forgiveness Program. This program has long been in place but was in danger of being thrown out. As a temporary measure Trump has extended the Public Service Loan Forgiveness Program. â€Å"The Public Service Loan Forgiveness (PSLF) Program forgives the remaining balance on your Direct Loans after you have made 120 qualifying monthly payments under a qualifying repayment plan while working full-time for a qualifying employer.† (Public Student Loan Forgiveness) I have shown you many facts about student loans and the negative impacts they can have before and after college. It can cause extra stress on top of the already stressful life’s we have that can easily turn into depression as you seen in Johnny’s story. I feel that as a society we can forgive student loans because the people who graduate college are very important to our society. If we did not have higher education, we would be a society filled with unintellectual people. So maybe next time a bill or law comes our way to help forgiveness of student loans. Think about all the negative effects of student loans and vote to help forgive student loans. WORKS CITED Chou, Eileen Y., et al. â€Å"Economic Insecurity Increases Physical Pain.† Psychological Science, vol. 27, no. 4, Apr. 2016, pp. 443–454, doi:10.1177/0956797615625640. Gang, Liang. â€Å"Institutional Factors Influencing International Student Graduation Rates and Debt† 24 August 2018, Accessed 28 October 2018. McCarthy, Irene N., and Benjamin Rue Silliman. â€Å"An Earned Student Loan Repayment Program: A Tax Policy Proposal.† Journal of Business Accounting, vol. 8, no. 1, Fall 2015, pp. 27–50. EBSCOhost, â€Å"Public Student Loan Forgiveness† Accessed 28 October 2018. PR Newswire. â€Å"Subsidized Versus Unsubsidized Federal Student Loans What’s the Difference? Ameritech Financial Offers Clarity.† PR Newswire US, 9 May 2018. EBSCOhost, United States Congress. â€Å"H.R.1 - 115th Congress (2017-2018)† 22 December, 2017

Saturday, March 7, 2020

Italian Sayings Using the Word Mangiare

Italian Sayings Using the Word Mangiare Mangia, or eat! in English, is a  term that reminds everyone that Italians have a reputation for being gourmands. Whether in popular culture or the abundance of Italian-themed restaurants throughout the world, this word seems to serve as the exemplar for the human condition. Phrases With Mangiare There are lots of great words and phrases with the word â€Å"mangiare† as a base, and as you go through them, try directly translating them from Italian to English as it makes them easier to remember. For example, â€Å"mangianastri,† which is â€Å"cassette player,†Ã‚  directly relates to â€Å"eat tape.†Ã‚  Italian compound nouns (nomi composti) with a form of mangiare include the following: fare da mangiare per: to cook forfinire di mangiare, finire tutto il pasto: to eat upil mangiafuoco: blusterer, braggart, swashbuckler, fire-eateril mangiamoccoli: hypocritically self-righteous person (popular term)il mangiapagnotte: someone who receives a public salary working with little effortil mangiapane a tradimento: scrounger, freeloaderil mangiapreti: a person who does not believe in the power of those religiously ordainedmangiare a saziet: to eat your fillmangiare bene: to eat wellmangiare come un maiale: to eat like a pigmangiare da cani: to eat badlymangiare fuori: to dine outmangiare la polvere: to bite the dustmangiarsi le mani: to kick oneselfmangiarsi le parole: to mumblela mangiatoia: manger, troughla mangiatrice di uomini: maneateril mangiatutto: big eater (also a kind of green beans, also known as â€Å"taccole† or â€Å"fagioli mangiatutto†) The verb mangiare is also the basis for the character name Mangiafuoco (Fire-Eater), the fictional wealthy director of the Great Marionette Theatre in The Adventures of Pinocchio. Proverbs Referring to Mangiare The slogan Chi vespa mangia le mele... was part of a famous advertising campaign by Piaggio from 1969-1971 to promote the Vespa motorino. The Italian language, though, has many other words of wisdom relating to eating. Chi mangia e non invita, possa strozzarsi con ogni mollica. - He who eats alone and invites no one, will choke with every crumb.Chi mangia solo crepa solo. - He who eats alone dies alone.Cià ² che si mangia con gusto non fa mai male. - What you eat with pleasure will never make you sick.Mangiare senza bere à ¨ come il tuono senza pioggia. - Eating without drinking is like thunder without the rain.Mangia quello che piace a te, vesti come piace agli altri. - Eat what you like, but wear what others like.Non si vive per mangiare ma si mangia per vivere. - One doesnt live to eat, but eats to live. Derogatory Terms Using Mangia For historical, political, and cultural reasons, there is a tradition  in many  countries of fierce territoriality, antipathy, competition, and prejudice among geographical regions. In Italy, given the geopolitical background of its former city-states, the expressed animosity can be especially pronounced (and creative!). In Italian, there are  terms used to refer to individuals from other regions- admittedly pejorative given the context- that include the verb mangiare. Unfortunately, poking fun (or scorn) on anyone on account of their dietary habits or economic status  is not uncommon. Here are common expressions that can be used in friendly conversations, but are rare since they are derogatory: Mangiacristiani:  Christian eater- a menacing, threatening person, but more in words than in deedsMangiamaccheroni:  Macaroni-eater- native of NapoliMangiacipolle:  Poor people who only could eat onionsMangiapatate:  Potato eater- one who habitually eat potatoes or is greedy; used to refer to GermansMangiapolenta:  Polenta eater- used when referring to those from the Veneto and LombardiaMangiapopolo:  People eater- oppressor, exploiterMangiasapone:  Soap eater- pejorative name given to SouthernersMangiabambini:  In fairy tales, an ogre who eats children; also, a grim-looking person who is, in reality, mild and harmless

Wednesday, February 19, 2020

Google human resources practices Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words

Google human resources practices - Assignment Example The analysis should involve a brief overview of the model that will be used. The latter was developed by Edgar Schein and consists of three elements. The first of them focuses on artefacts of an organisation which is anything visible that has a connection towards the company. Indeed, an artefact is not only the logo, it is also the colour that a company primarily uses in its products, the way employees great customers, even the design of the building. In other words, it is the physical manifestation of the company.The second level included espoused values. It must be noted that the elements of the model differ in the way they are connected to the material world; therefore, the second element which will more abstract. Thus, values also stand for the image of the company, but a mental one. In other words, this level includes goals, mission statement and other elements that were designed to explain the manner in which a company operates. In other words, this level of organizational cult ure focuses on the long term perspective of business and encourages people to do their best in order to live up to these expectations.The third element that should be analyzed carefully is underlying assumptions. Indeed, one might suggest that the highest level of manifestation of organisational culture should be extremely perfect and not embodied into anything. While artefacts are physical objects and values can be physically written on a piece of paper, the underlying assumptions are those ideas about the organisation that people take for granted.